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When not controlled, pests can cause a great deal of damage to gardens, businesses and households.
They can spread disease, consume vegetables and plants and destroy homes. Thus, various pest control methods have been employed to deal with them. There are two main types of pest control: natural and chemical. Natural pest control employs organic or biological materials to reduce infestation. On the other hand, chemical pest control employs potent chemical pesticides to reduce or eliminate pests. You can use either of the methods, or utilize both pest control methods to manage infestation problems. However, both methods present advantages and disadvantages. That is why it is important to research both methods before you choose the best one for your situation.
Natural pest control methods
Natural pest control methods are employed to effectively reduce or eliminate infestation without harming humans, crops and other organisms. This method often utilizes other organisms such as plants or insects to control pests in an agricultural environment. Such methods include companion planting or planting other crops to draw the insects away from the main crops, or cultivating insects or small animals which feed on the pests. It has little or no harmful effect on humans and agriculture, which makes it useful where other animals such as pets and livestock are present in the surroundings.
Advantages and disadvantages of natural pest control methods
The main benefit of natural pest control methods is that it does not harm the environment. Compared to DDT pesticides, it will not emit harmful toxins which could damage the ozone layer or harm the other organisms living within the agricultural area. Apart from that, they continue to be effective for a long time after they have been introduced to the environment, making them sufficient and cost-effective
The downside of natural pest control method is that they take a long time to produce results and can be very expensive.
Chemical pest control methods
Chemical pest control methods have been used in an agricultural setting and within the household for a very long time. This often employs harsh pesticides that instantly eliminate pests upon application. These can either be applied systematically (targeting where plants are commonly ingested by pests) or to the entire crops as in the case of aerial spraying. While this is effective on large crops and within the household, chemical pesticides have harmful and residual effects on both human and animals living within the area. That is why chemical pesticides must be used with caution to avoid contaminating waterways and killing pets and livestock. Plus, there are regualtions limiting their use in some areas, so be aware of this.
Advantages and disadvantages of chemical pest control methods
Chemical pesticides are less expensive and are readily available, compared to its more natural counterparts. They are also very easy to use. Apart from that, chemical pesticides deliver results instantly right after application. Sometimes, this instantaneous result is what a lot of homeowners need. So it really is a delicate balance between what is needed now versus long-term effects.
One of the downsides of chemical pest control method that should be taken into consideration is that they also harm the beneficial organisms that help your crops grow and eliminate the pests. They can also harm the environment as they release harmful toxins to the surroundings. Apart from that, human exposure to these pesticides can be very harmful. They are even more detrimental to the health of children and older people as they have weaker immune systems.
Lastly, the effects of some pesticides are temporary and can only last in a short time after application. When dealing with chemicals, always follow the manufacturer’s instruction and directions.
© 2012 Pest Control Methods